Giving Voice to the Uspeakable: The Language of the Alienated Child

It has long been noticeable to me that many alienated children speak in a different language to other children. In fact the language of the alienated child has to be heard with a different ear to that which would normally be used, precisely because the language is different.

The reason it is different is that it is not symbolised language, it is behavioural language which is giving shape and meaning to something the child is exposed to in the inter-psychic relationship with the parent who is inducing the defence of psychological splitting.

Let’s unpack some examples to sharpen the meaning of this.

Language symbolises experience. It is an important developmental stage in a child’s life. Moving from the pre-linguistic stage to the capacity to apply words which have meaning to others outside of the self, enables the child to give meaning to feelings and experiences which had previously been without words or symbols.  When a child is able to say, I am happy when they are smiling and content, they give meaning to a feeling.

Children live in the intra and inter-psychic world of feelings.  Intra-psychic means within the mind and inter-psychic means between two minds.  They are highly attuned to things unspoken simply because language is, from the perspective I am writing from at least, such a new thing for them.

Children who have been made to be hyper attuned, are those who have not been assisted to separate from the early experience of sharing the mind as well as the physical self of a parent.  These children inhabit a world of ‘we’ in which their sensitivity to the feelings and psychological and emotional reactions of a carer is heightened and sharpened by repeated exposure to fear and anxiety inducing reactions in that carer.   When parents separate, if one parent becomes hyper anxious, hyper vigilent or hyper sensitive, or if that parent has been that way prior to the relationship ending, children may hyper attach to that parent.

This is a delicate area to work in because there are many reasons why someone becomes hyper vigilent, domestic violence being one of them.  This is why assessments for parental alienation must be carefully carried out and why differentiation is so important.  Where allegations of domestic violence are present in a case, it is important that these are tested in Court.  It is not for psychotherapists working in this area, to decide whether or not a parent has been violent. That is the role of the Judge.  When the judgment is made, then the work of rebuilding the relationship between children and the parent they have rejected can be done.

I should be clear, (because there is continued effort to mischaracterise parental alienation as a tool used by abusive fathers), that where someone has been found to be violent, this is not considered to be alienation.

The key phrase is found by the Court to be violent.. If violence has occurred, we would not consider the case for reunification work because the risks to the child have been clearly laid out by the judgment and it is not alienation.

Alienation is seen when there is no evidence of domestic abuse, nothing that the rejected parent has done of significant importance such as neglect or drug use during care of a child, and a pathological alignment with the influencing parent, is present in the child.

We can see the pathological alignment in the child via the presence of psychological splitting.  This defence, which is induced in a child, causes the division of feelings into wholly good and wholly bad. It is stark, strong and fixed in severe cases of alienation and when the relationship with the parent the child is aligned to is examined, the stark, strong and fixed blame projection of the other parent is obvious.

Turning inwards, to examine the inter-psychic world of the alienated child and parent, severe cases become more complex in that the child can begin to act out the unspoken narratives which are being conveyed by a parent who has an unresolved trauma which is hidden from their view and that of their child due to the defence of splitting.  This is written about elequently by Thamer Bako and Katalin Zana in their book Transgenerational Trauma and Therapy.

These unspoken narratives are sometimes symbolised by things that children say about a parent which sound strange and cannot be readily understood. For example, the child who told the police that he had been made to eat faeces before being abused by his father, which turned out to be his mother repeatedly telling him not to swallow his father’s shit.  No evidence of abuse was found, the child had had a relationship with his father prior to the child making allegations but there had been increasing evidence of his mother being angry with him about his relationship with his father which the boy could not make sense of. His growing dysregulation led to him seeking to make sense of what his mother was saying, picking up that he was not to love his father because his father was harmful to his wellbeing, the boy found the only way possible to give language to what he was being told to do.  ‘Don’t swallow your father’s shit, he is abusive and is abusing you’ was turned into ‘daddy made me eat poo and then he hurt me.’

It is urgent in my view that we explore the inter-psychic and intra-psychic world of children in divorce and separation because it is only really now that we are learning of the risks that arise there.  Clinically there is much to be excavated and articulated and this work is being undertaken by EAPAP so that the deeper layers of what occurs in cases of parental alienation are brought into the light for further understanding.

Detailing the evidence of conscious and unconscious non accidental injury to the mind of a child is an essential task. Giving voice to the unspeakable and keeping the spotlight where it needs to be, which is on the pathological alignment between the parent and child, is how we will stay focused in the midst of it all.

Alienated children’s long term health and wellbeing depend upon the reality they face being known.  Learning the language of the alienated child is how we will bring that reality to light.

Please note: when I use examples as above they are always a composite of work I have done, this prevents people from being able to identify or be identified. So, the child’s sex may be changed and the identifying theme will be different. The strangeness of what children say is unique to them which means that if a boy had actually said his father made him eat poo, that would be identifiable.  So the reality is that a child alleged a parent made him eat/drink something prior to abuse. That does not identify the child or case.  The reality was that something a parent said to the child caused the child to translate it into something else.  That does not identify the child or case. In my example I use the principles of what happened translated into an example of what that might look like.

It is always difficult to use real case studies in this kind of work because each case is so unique,  which means that I spend a lot of time translating the principles into well hidden case studies.

I do this because I think it is essential that the outside work understands the nuanced reality of what happens to children who suffer from induced psychological splitting. How they  make sense of what has happened and how they recover is a vital piece of missing evidence in my view. It is this which I am most focused upon at all times.



Tickets for the Online Conference of EAPAP are available now. Featuring leading clinicians in the field of trans-generational and attachment trauma, this conference will examine the inter and intra-psychic world of the alienated child as well as many other important areas of thinking in this field.

Register here

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  1. I should be clear, (because there is continued effort to mischaracterise parental alienation as a tool used by abusive fathers), that where someone has been found to be violent, this is not considered to be alienation.
    Hi Karen,

    Yet another fantastic post highlighting the importance of how a perpetrator may seek to allege an ‘none accident psychological injury’

    However, there are occasions where the learned Judge may get it wrong and may make findings that are incorrect. Hence we are fortunate to have an appeal court.

    In relation to:
    ‘ I should be clear, (because there is continued effort to mischaracterise parental alienation as a tool used by abusive fathers), that where someone has been found to be violent, this is not considered to be alienation.

    The key phrase is found by the Court to be violent.. If violence has occurred, we would not consider the case for reunification work because the risks to the child have been clearly laid out by the judgment and it is not alienation.’

    Practice Direction 25 b offers a safety net at Para 9.1(f) where practitioners are required to:

    ‘ ii) describe the expert’s own professional risk assessment process and process of differential diagnosis, highlighting factual assumptions, deductions from the factual assumptions, and any unusual, contradictory or inconsistent features of the case’

    As such the practitioner (Expert Witness must report to the court any inconsistencies highlighting to the court where it may be in error.

    Under Part 18 the court may vary its judgment upon new evidence. Where a judge is infected by Judgitis often the symptoms include the inability to see the wood for trees. Consensus bias can lead to judges making judgments/findings on the evidence that fits with prejudiced opinions,

    Judges are not immune to their own schemas, Prejudice is one example of a schema that prevents people from seeing the world as it is and inhibits them from taking in new information. By holding certain beliefs about a particular group of people, this existing schema may cause people to interpret situations incorrectly.

    When faced with the master manipulator giving a convincing account of DVA any evidence to the contrary from the rejected parent may and can be disregarded as insignificant and may in fact result in the burden of proof being reversed.

    The Expert has a duty to insure any evidence not referred to by the court is highlighted. After all, the court is more likely to take notice of a respected expert, opposed to the self litigants.

    I hope my understanding of the PD25b is correct and my comments are helpful. If I’m wrong scrap all I’ve said here.


    1. Hi Rob, In this podcast I’m talking about post judgment work. I accept your points as they are made but I’m specifically discussing cases which have findings of violence which we would not recognise as alienation. You have identified the process of overturning judgments and the responsibility of expert witnesses to know their own inherent bias. I’m speaking specifically about post judgment reunification work here which is different to assessment work. K


  2. Hi Karen,

    Thank you for clearing that up for me, I know you are very aware that Courts make mistakes!

    Also, well done for deciphering my terrible use of English. Hopefully your readers and followers won’t judge me too harshly on the count of my Dyslexia. 🤣



  3. Whilst violence is taken as a strong marker in the Courts decision making process and hence a profound influence on the child’s future it is not as gender polarised as women’s or men’s rights groups would have us believe.

    It is also a very poor sole marker upon which important decisions around family arrangements are made.

    Anger is a normal response to divorce and separation. It is an emotion that can find expression physically and psychologically.

    Frequently we find that anger reaches a hiatus when neither parent can bear the sight of the other. It affects the family dynamic and has repercussions for the whole family network. Children may be the unwitting recipients of violence from a parent as a result of disquiet between parents. Post- separation this may abate especially if ways can be found to replace the anger with an empathic understanding.

    It seems almost politically correct that a man’s violence is used to leverage him from his family and further penalise him into penury by making him financially responsible but giving him nothing else.

    A woman’s violence remains the result of over-work, of men’s manipulations, subordination and oppression. The slap, the kick, the shove, the put-downs, the hair-tearing scratching grapplings of a woman frustrated, is hidden or ameliorated by the tender loving care from well-meaning social workers.

    Judges are loathed to condemn women with accusations of violence as they are men, and so domestic violence remains one of the most useful and popular chosen routes for women to explore in the Courts to establish their parenting preferences/rights.

    This current societal norm which portrays a woman as a victim struggling to find a voice is destroying the family unit, a time served institution that is the bedrock of our future generations.

    I agree that with an early intervention into the whole family many of the catastrophic outcomes experienced by families going through divorce and separation could be avoided.


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